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Norovirus symptoms usually appear 12 to 48 hours after first exposure to the virus, and last approximately one to three days. The most common symptoms of norovirus are:
Other symptoms include:
People with norovirus are most contagious when they are sick, and for a few days after they feel better. So, how is it spread? Norovirus spreads quickly and rapidly, people can become infected with it by:
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1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Norovirus. Retrieved January 24, 2017, from https://www.cdc.gov/features/norovirus/
Even though norovirus is highly contagious, there are ways you can reduce the risk of its spread. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, follow these steps to reduce the spread of the virus.
Whether you think you might have a cold, flu or norovirus, it’s always important to consult a doctor and take precautionary measures to help you and everyone stay healthy.
The FDA does not allow hand sanitizer brands to make viral claims, but from a scientific perspective, influenza is an enveloped virus. Enveloped viruses in general are easily killed or inactivated by alcohol. The World Health Organization (WHO) and the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) are recommending the use of alcohol-based hand sanitizer as a preventive measure for flu prevention.
Ebola viruses are high risk pathogens that must be contained and are not readily available for laboratory testing. As of today, we are not aware of any hand sanitizers that have been tested against Ebola viruses, including PURELL® Advanced Hand Sanitizer. However, it is important to note that the Ebola virus is an enveloped virus. Enveloped viruses in general are easily killed or inactivated by alcohol. World Health Organization (WHO) and the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) are recommending the use of alcohol-based hand sanitizer as a preventive measure during this outbreak.
PURELL® Advanced Hand Sanitizer formulations have not been tested against this virus. EV-D68 is a non-enveloped virus, which is generally hard to kill or inactivate with alcohol. At this time, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is recommending handwashing as a preventative measure against EV-D68.
GOJO technical personnel know the science of hand hygiene, monitor the latest research affecting the category and work with global thought leaders, so they may respond to your questions. To contact GOJO technical personnel, call 800-321-9647 and mention that you have a question about efficacy.
Yes. Numerous studies support the safety of long-term, repeated use of PURELL® Hand Sanitizers. It is critical to practice good hand hygiene at key moments, such as before eating, after using the restroom and after touching objects that are frequently touched by others.1
1. Scientific Studies, GOJO Hand Hygiene Hub http://www.gojo.com/Corporate-Hand-Hygiene-Hub/Scientific-Studies
No. When it comes to hand sanitizing products, formulation matters. The active ingredient is important but the total formulation affects the product’s effectiveness. The product also has to deliver good skin care performance and be likeable to use.
Yes. PURELL® Hand Sanitizer products are tested against a broad spectrum of micro-organisms and have resulted in more than 99.99% reduction of those organisms. It is prohibited by the Food and Drug Administration for manufacturers to make viral reduction claims.
No, this is a misconception. Using PURELL® Hand Sanitizer does not contribute to the spread of antibiotic resistant bacteria, as the overuse of antibiotics does. Ethyl alcohol, the active ingredient in PURELL® Hand Sanitizer rapidly destroys the cell membranes and dissolves cell proteins. It evaporates quickly leaving nothing behind to let germs become resistant. According to the CDC Clean Hands Count Campaign, using alcohol-based hand sanitizers does NOT cause antibiotic resistance. Healthy habits like good hand hygiene help reduce the spread of illness-causing germs. Staying healthy reduces the need to use prescription antibiotics; so ultimately, alcohol-based hand sanitizers play an important role in reducing antibiotic resistance.
No. Alcohol-based hand sanitizers kill germs in a different way than antibiotics, and they are not left behind to let the germs either become resistant or become what some people call “supergerms.” According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there is no chance for the germs to adapt or develop resistance to an alcohol-based hand sanitizer, even with frequent use.1
1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Hand Hygiene in Healthcare Settings. Retrieved June 2, 2016, from http://www.cdc.gov/handhygiene/science/index.html
As with all over-the-counter products, it is important to use PURELL® Hand Sanitizer products properly and according to the instructions on the label: wet hands thoroughly with product, and briskly rub hands together until dry. Adults should always supervise children in the use of the product. It is important to use PURELL® Hand Sanitizer at key moments throughout the day such as before eating, after caring for someone that is ill, after using the restroom and after touching objects touched by many different hands, for example, the grocery cart handle, the subway pole and elevator buttons.
Advanced Hand Sanitizer can be used whenever hands are not visibly soiled. It can be used repeatedly, and there is no need to wash your hands between uses unless they become visibly soiled. Additionally, there is no harmful residue left on hands after use.
If used as directed, which is to apply enough PURELL® Hand Sanitizer to thoroughly cover hands, a consumer can get 29-30 uses out of a 2 fl. oz. bottle.
The following studies have proven that PURELL® Hand Sanitizer is safe and effective.
1. Hammond, B, Ali, Y., Fendler, E., Dolan, M. Donvoan, S. Effect of hand sanitizer on elementary school absenteeism. http://www.ajicjournal.org/article/S0196-6553(00)84010-9/abstract
2. Guinan, M., McGukin, M., Ali, Y., The effect of a comprehensive handwashing program on absenteeism in elementary schools. http://www.ajicjournal.org/article/S0196-6553(02)68131-3/abstract
3. White, C., Koble, R., Carlson, R., Lipson, N., Dolan, M., Ali, Y., Cline, M., The effect of hand hygiene on illness among students in university residence halls. http://www.ajicjournal.org/article/S0196-6553%2803%2900041-5/abstract
4. Mott, Maj. Peter, Sisk, Maj. Brian, Arbogast, J., Ferrazzano-Yaussy, C., Bondi, C., Sheehan, LTC J. Alcohol-based instant hand sanitizer use in military settings: a prospective cohort study of Army basic trainees. http://publications.amsus.org/doi/10.7205/MILMED.172.11.1170
5. Arbogast, J., Moore-Schitz, L., Jarvis, W., Harpster-Hagan, A., Hughes, J., Parker, A., Impact of a Comprehensive Workplace Hand Hygiene Program on Employer Health Care Insurance Claims and Costs, Absenteeism, and Employee Perceptions and Practices. http://journals.lww.com/joem/Fulltext/2016/06000/Impact_of_a_Comprehensive_Workplace_Hand_Hygiene.25.aspx
Yes, PURELL®Hand Sanitizer is safe and effective for everyone. It is important for all of us to practice healthy behaviors like hand hygiene, which includes using an alcohol-based hand sanitizer, such as PURELL® Hand Sanitizer. Children under 6 years of age should be supervised when using any PURELL™ product.
No. There is a misperception that the frequent use of alcohol-based hand sanitizers will dry out the skin on your hands. The truth is that formulation matters. PURELL® Hand Sanitizer has been developed to be used repeatedly without damaging the skin. In fact, studies show PURELL®Hand Sanitizer is gentler on hands than soap and water because it does not strip natural lipids away from hands.1
1. Boyce JM, Kellher, S., Vallande N. Skin irritation and dryness associated with two hand hygiene regimens: soap and water handwashing versus hand antisepsis with an alcoholic hand gel. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 21:442-448,2000.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have recommended the use of alcohol-based hand sanitizers when soap and water are not available and hands are not visibly dirty. For more information on the CDC Hand Hygiene recommendations, visit www.cdc.gov/handwashing.
PURELL® Advanced Hand Sanitizer is a refreshing instant hand sanitizer that kills 99.99% of most common germs that may cause disease and is used without soap, water or towels.
The active ingredient in PURELL® Advanced Hand Sanitizer is ethyl alcohol - sometimes referred to as "mother nature's disinfectant." Ethyl alcohol is classified by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as a Category I active ingredient, which means it's generally recognized as safe and effective when used as directed.
Practicing good hand hygiene is especially important:
For home use, visit www.PURELL.com. For businesses, find out how to buy here. Or, contact the GOJO Customer Interaction Center at 1-800-321-9647.
No. BPA is not an ingredient in PURELL® Hand Sanitizer. Alcohol is the active ingredient in PURELL® Hand Sanitizer.
No. PURELL® Hand Sanitizer does not contain triclosan. The active ingredient in PURELL® Hand Sanitizer is ethyl alcohol.
Germs live all around us. Our bodies are covered with germs that help us stay healthy. These are considered "resident or potentially harmless" bacteria and, they reside on and in the body. In addition to the resident bacteria, we are also exposed to ones that we pick up from contact with other people or objects. These are called transient bacteria. It is these germs that are often responsible for making you sick. PURELL® Hand Sanitizer reduces some of your resident bacteria while eliminating the transient bacteria on the top layer of your hands. Your body quickly regenerates your resident bacteria.
PURELL® Hand Sanitizer contains bitter, unpleasant-tasting ingredients that make it undesirable to drink. We add the unpleasant taste to all PURELL® products to discourage ingestion. Labels on PURELL® Hand Sanitizer provide instructions to follow in the event of ingestion. Label instructions state: "If swallowed, get medical help or contact a Poison Control Center right away." Consistent with best practices for all products used around children, always supervise PURELL® Hand Sanitizer use by children under six years of age or those whose judgment may be impaired. The benefits of alcohol-based hand sanitizers for safeguarding public health are well-documented in many settings.
Labels on all PURELL® products provide instructions to follow in the event of ingestion. Label instructions state: "If swallowed, get medical help or contact a Poison Control Center right away."
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), alcohol-based hand sanitizers can be used when hands are not visibly soiled. If hands are visibly soiled, use soap and water.
Ethyl alcohol is one of the safest and most effective antiseptic ingredients. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommend that the general public use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer when soap and water are not available.
Yes. The expansion of PURELL® products into the surface disinfecting and sanitizing category reflects the GOJO commitment to deliver the best well-being solutions for people, surfaces and the environment. PURELL® Surface Sprays have the lowest EPA toxicity rating, Category IV and the Design for the Environment Certification. Out of the 3,000 EPA registered surface disinfectants and sanitizers, less than 100 have the EPA’s Category IV lowest toxicity rating. Of those, less than 10 have the EPA’s Design for the Environment (DfE) Certification.
Yes. Out of the 3,000 EPA registered surface disinfectants and sanitizers, less than 100 have the EPA’s Category IV lowest toxicity rating, and of those, less than 10 have the EPA’s Design for the Environment (DfE) Certification. With no harsh chemicals, the disinfectant is formulated with ethyl alcohol, the same active ingredient in PURELL® Hand Sanitizer. The new surface disinfectant delivers the fastest overall disinfection times of a Design for the Environment product.
Yes, PURELL® Surface Sprays have proven compatibility with most common hard and soft surfaces. Each product label provides a short list of surfaces and materials the product was formulated for use on, including:
View product labels for a more complete list of surfaces
PURELL® Surface Sprays are regulated by the EPA.
You shouldn’t use PURELL® Surface Spray on surfaces that have an oxidizing agent, like brass, copper and aluminum. Also avoid older, alcohol soluble finished wood. If you’re unsure, always test a small inconspicuous area prior to broad use.
Yes. GOJO introduced PURELL® Surface Disinfecting and Sanitizing Products in September 2016. The three products include PURELL® Foodservice Surface Sanitizer, PURELL® Healthcare Surface Disinfectant and PURELL® Professional Surface Disinfectant.
No. Using PURELL® Surface Sprays do not contribute to the spread of antibiotic resistant bacteria, as the overuse of antibiotics does. Ethyl alcohol, the active ingredient in PURELL® Surface Spray rapidly destroys the cell membranes and dissolves cell proteins. It evaporates quickly leaving nothing behind to let germs become resistant.
Yes, PURELL® Surface Sprays are registered with the EPA as a fungicide, meaning they are able to eliminate mold and mildew.
All of the PURELL® Surface Sprays can be used on surfaces where consumable food products are placed and stored including food preparation counters, dishes and cooking utensils, equipment and utensils found in dairies, food processing plants and eating and drinking establishments. The no rinse food contact formulation provides a 99.999% bacterial reduction and does not require a rinse-step whether it is used on food contact surfaces or not.
PURELL TOUCHABLE® Technology means that you can safely touch surfaces right after they have been disinfected with PURELL® Surface Disinfecting and Sanitizing Sprays. No rinsing is required, even for surfaces like food prep counters. Food can be safely prepared right after the surface has been disinfected. Users of the products can safely disinfect surfaces without using gloves or safety glasses. They also do not need to wash their hands after disinfecting surfaces.
The EPA uses a product’s toxicology data to determine its hazard category rating. PURELL® Surface Sprays were categorized as Category IV, which is the lowest toxicity rating and therefore does NOT require precautionary statements on label, such as DANGER, WARNING,
CAUTION or Hazard to Humans and Domestic Animals.
The active ingredient in PURELL® Surface Spray products is ethyl alcohol.
GOJO launched three surface sprays for the foodservice, healthcare and professional markets due to both regulatory guidelines and market-specific product requirements. The EPA requires that the product be labeled for the manner in which it will be used. Secondly, each market has unique needs and requirements. Benefits of each PURELL® Surface Sprays include:
The PURELL® Foodservice Surface Sanitizer
The PURELL® Healthcare Surface Disinfectant
PURELL® Professional Surface Disinfectant
There are no trade-offs with PURELL® Surface Sprays. PURELL® Surface Sprays are certified by the EPA Design for Environment and have the EPA lowest toxicity rating and the fastest overall disinfection times for bacteria and viruses than any other DfE product. This includes a powerful germ kill for 22 organisms, including MRSA, cold and flu virus and norovirus within 30 seconds.
PURELL® Surface Sprays rapidly eliminate 27 organisms with 30-second disinfection on 22 organisms including MRSA, Flu, VRE and Norovirus.
You can find additional information at www.purellsurface.com
GOJO is a purpose-driven company committed to driving sustainability through our solutions and the ways we work. Our sustainability commitment includes taking responsibility for our products and proactively reducing their impacts from development through to the end of life. We are also committed to reducing the impacts of our daily business operations.
Sustainable Ways of Working, or SWOWSM, is about changing the way we think and work at GOJO in order to embed sustainability into all aspects of our business. Practicing Sustainable Ways of Working will create value for GOJO and its stakeholders -- employees, customers, suppliers, partners, communities, society and the ecosystem -- now and for generations to come.
GOJO recognizes water as a precious, but finite global resource, with billions of gallons used every day to grow crops and sustain lives. At GOJO, water is critical to our delivery of health and well-being to the world. We are passionate about preserving this valuable resource. That's why we've identified our own water usage as a target for reduction. As an action undertaken through SWOWSM, we're recycling cardboard to an annual water savings of 93 million gallons. In addition, we've set a goal of further reducing water usage by 30% relative to the 2010 per-product-use by 2015.
Biodegrades within 28 days as measured by test method OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development) 301 B, a widely accepted test method for measuring the biodegradability of an ingredient or entire product formula.
PURELL® products included in the GOJO global sustainable solutions portfolio are positioned as “renewable” products and make the supporting claim, “Contains ethanol produced from 100% plant sources.” The description, plant-based or plant-derived is used to distinguish the ethanol in PURELL® from ethanol produced from synthetic or unnatural sources. GOJO also carries a full line of hand soaps and shampoo/shower/bath products that are made, in part, from renewable resources and have earned third-party certification for environmental leadership and proven performance.
GOJO defines sustainability as being about meeting or exceeding the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet or exceed their own needs. There are three key domains of sustainability:
There are two core sustainability benefits designed into GOJO product dispenser refills:
GOJO SMART-FLEX™ Technology: The sustainable packaging strategy applied to invent GOJO SMART-FLEX technology is known as source reduction. This package is a lightweight and recyclable PET bottle made with 30% less material and the same robustness as a standard rigid HDPE bottle.
What is PET? Polyethylene terephthalate, more commonly referred to at PET, is a plastic known for its strength, thermostability and transparency. Both PET and HDPE plastics are commonly used in beverage, food and liquid containers, but PET plastic is lighter in weight while being just as robust. It’s also recyclable. Because of the robustness of PET, GOJO is able to provide the same amount of product to the customer in a package that uses less plastic.
We anticipate that this sustainable packaging innovation saves over 250 tons of plastic each year.
GOJO SANITARY SEALED™ Refills: This packaging strategy targets the GOJO goal of greater social sustainability by reducing the health risks proven inherent with bulk soap refillable reservoirs. SANITARY SEALED refills, which include fresh dispensing nozzles, are sealed at the factory to lock out germs. Bulk soaps, by contrast, are vulnerable to contamination by unsafe levels of bacteria. That's why GOJO SANITARY SEALED refills are the healthy choice.
Natural glycerin is the natural skin conditioner in PURELL® Brand Hand Sanitizer. Alcohol-based hand sanitizers are sometimes perceived to have a drying effect. To overcome this perception, we formulate products made with natural glycerin at levels that allow us to make the claim that they condition skin and leave hands soft and refreshed.
The CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility) role and its importance to our sustainability strategy, as described in this interview with Nicole Koharik of GOJO.
GOJO has set aggressive, long-range goals to reduce our sustainability impacts. Goals to reduce our sustainability impacts are focused on three areas including water, solid waste and greenhouse gas emissions. By 2015 GOJO strives to reduce water use by 30%, cut solid waste by 25% and reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 5% relative to the 2010 per use basis.
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Contact: Kelly Ward-Smith, Public Relations Senior Manager
Phone Number: 330-255-6293Mobile Phone: 330-819-8638
This contact information is for news media only. For other inquiries, please contact GOJO customer service at 1-800-321-9647 or use the GOJO Contact Us form.
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